NPK FERTILIZER WHAT IS IT AND HOW DOES IT WORK
NPK Fertilizer is a complex fertilizer comprised primarily of the three primary nutrient required for healthy plant growth. The agriculture industry relies hesvily on the use of NPK fertilizer to meet global food supply and ensure healthy crops. According to the, About global population is alive as a result of the increased food production provided by the use of menal fertilizer.
NPK FERTILIZER: COMPONENT
There are numerous building blocks of life that plants need for healthy and optimum growth. Without these nutrient, plant cannot grow to their full potential, will provider lower yields, and be more susceptible to disease. The three most important nutrient, without any one of which plants could not survive, are refered to as the primarily macronutrient: Nitroge (N) Phosphorus (P), and Patassium (K).
Soil often lack these nutrient, either nuturally, or as a result of over cultivation or other enviroment for optimal plant growth.
Each of the primary nutrient is essential in plants nutrition, serving a cretical role in the growth, development, and reproduction of the plant.
THE ROLE OF NITROGEN IN PLANTS
Nitrogen is a key component in many of the procesess needed to carry out growth. In particular, nitrogen is vital to chlorophyll, which allows plants to carry out photosythensis (the process by which they take in sunlight to produce sugars from carbon dioxide and water). Nitrogen is also a significant component in amino acids, the basis of proteins. Nitrogen also aids in the compounds that allow for storage and use of energy.
Looked at Us cereal yeilds and how they were affected by ommited nitrogen fertilizer. The study estimated that without nitrogen, average yeilds for corn delined by a tsaggering 41% rice by 37% barley by 19% and wheat by 16%.
Sources of Nitrogen
While nitrogen can be taken in and converted into a usable nutrient from the atmosphere, and may be naturally present in soil, it is almost always desirable to supplement nitrogen to ensure plants have the optimum amount available to them. The following materials can be included in NPK blends as a sources of nitrogen:
COMMON INORGANIC SOURCES OF NPK BLENDS
* Urea Ammonium Nitrate
* Anyhdrous Ammonia
COMMON ORGANIC SOURCES OF N IN NPK BLENDS
* Blood Meal
* Feather Meal
Phosphorus also plays a role in an array of function necessery for healthy plant growth, contributing to structural strengh, crop quality, seed production, and more. Phosphorus also encourage the growth of roots, prootes blooming, and is essential in DNA.
The transformation of solar energy into usable compounds is also largely possible because of phosphorus.
SOURCES OF PHOSPHORUS
Like nitrogen, phosphorus in NPK fertilizer can come from both organic and inorganic sources.
COMMON INORGANIC SOURCES OF P IN NPK BLENDS
The primary sources of inorganic phosphorus os phosphate rock. Crushed phosphate rock can be applied to soils directly, but it is much more effective if processed to be readily available for plant uptake.
COMMON ORGANIC SOURCES OF P IN NPK BLENDS
* Blood Meal
* Bone Meal
Potassium is also vital in a variety of other processes that contribute to growth and development. Potassium is often refered to as the “quality” element, ” because of its contribution to many of the characteristic we associate with quality, such as size, shape, color, and even taste, among others. Plants low in potassium are stunted in growth and provide lower yields.
SOURCES OF POTASSIUM
Potassium can be obtained from a wide range of sources, both organic and inorganic:
COMMON INORGANIC SOURCES OF K IN NPK BLENDS
The primary inorganic sources of potassium for use in NPK fertilizer is potash. Like phosphate rock, potash is mined all over the world and procesed into a more refined product. Potassium can also come from potassium sulfate, langbeinite, and granite dust.
COMMON ORGANIC SOURCES OF K IN NPK BLENDS
* Wood Ash